The report`s macroeconomic analysis uses the government`s CGE model, GETRADE. The model is based on the STANDARD GTAP model and gtAP 9 set (base year 2011) and has been extended to incorporate knowledge from modern trade theory. The GTAP model and dataset are one of the most common tools for international business analysis. The following section presents the main features of the model and the assumptions about the model structure that underlie the model. A full technical description of the model and dataset can be found in the technical reference document that accompanies the government`s recent publication on the long-term economic analysis of the EU withdrawal. [footnote 148] Each consultation was based on a number of questions regarding the respondent`s priorities and concerns regarding the corresponding agreement. The questions were very varied to ensure that the consultation was inclusive and encouraged the participation of a wide range of stakeholders. We received responses from individuals, businesses, professional organizations, government agencies, trade unions and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The online survey covered a number of policy areas, usually included in any comprehensive free trade agreement. Due to the close links between the New Zealand and Australian economies, the baseline used in this modelling also takes into account the tariff reduction assumptions faced by New Zealand exporters in the cattle and meat products sub-sector. [footnote 64] This assumption should reflect new Zealand exporters` market access through tariff rate quotas (TRQs).
Like New Zealand, some Australian products currently enjoy preferential access to the UK through WTO tariffs. Consideration was given to the need to adapt tariffs to the modelling of Australian products that can be traded under tariff rate quotas. It found that no adjustment was necessary for these Australian quotas. For more information on free trade agreements, see the briefing note on the public consultation on a bilateral free trade agreement between the United Kingdom and Australia (DIT, July 2018). ↩ are all measures, with the exception of normal tariffs, that may affect international trade. These include customs controls and differences in the national regulatory system. These only cover barriers to trade flows, not to investment or policies that affect domestic productivity. Continue to ensure that decisions about how to deliver public services are made by governments, including decentralized administrations, and not by our business partners.
Four opinions commented on trade justice measures and dispute settlement as a priority, and two expressed concern. Eleven companies wanted the UK government to prioritise trade measures and dispute settlement, and two of them were concerned. Twenty-one respondents from professional organizations made trade remedies and dispute resolution a priority in their feedback, and 14 expressed concern. A combination of a control box and a free-text field was also used for several questions. These options have not been displayed below….